The blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum), also known as black currant, is a woody shrub in the family Grossulariaceae grown for its berries. It is native to temperate part of Central and Northern Europe and Northern Asia, where it prefers damp fertile soils and is widely cultivated both commercially and domestically.
It is winder hardy, but cold weather at flowering time during the spring reduces the size of the crop. Bunches of small, glossy size black fruit develop along the stems in the summer and can be harvested by hand or by machine, breeding is common in Scotland, Poland, Lithuania, Norway, and New Zealand to produce fruit with better eating qualities and bushes with greater hardiness and disease resistance.
The raw fruit is particularly rich in vitamin C and polyphenols. Blackcurrants can be eaten raw, but are usually cooked in sweet or savoury dishes. They are used to make jams, preserves, and syrups and are grown commercially for the juice market. The fruit is also used to make alcoholic beverages and dyes.
For a long time, blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum) were called “the forbidden fruit” in the United States. Farmers thought that the tart berries, native to Europe and Asia, helped spread a fungus that killed pine trees. Due to the ban, many Americans have missed out on these nutritious berries.
BLACKCURRANTS HAVE A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF:
● polyphenolic substances
● Vitamin C
● gamma-linolenic acid (GLA)
Many health foods and drinks in the United Kingdom use these berries. Their tartness also lends itself to mixing with other fruit, especially in jams and juices.
People use the whole blackcurrants plant, from the leaves to the seeds, for many conditions. The most common form is ⚫ blackcurrant seed oil, but you can also make infusions and tears out of the plant’s leaves, fresh or dried.
People take blackcurrant to help their:
● blood flow
● immune system
● eye health
● gut health
● kidney health
Blackcurrant extracts are shown to reduce risk factors for metabolic conditions such as type 1 and 2 diabetes.
Blackcurrants contain many vitamins, such as:
The most significant is vitamin C. In fact, blackcurrants carry four times the amount of vitamin C as oranges🍊, and double the amount of antioxidants as blueberries. The body uses vitamin C are many. The body uses vitamin C to metabolize protein and form collagen, which is essential for skin care and anti-aging.
Blackcurrants are also rich in vitamin A. Vitamin A is also required for maintaining integrity of mucus membranes and skin, and essential for healthy eye-sight. Furthermore, consumption of natural fruits rich in flavonoids antioxidants helps to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
Fresh blackcurrants are also rich in many essential vitamins such as pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B-6) and thiamin (vitamin B-1). These vitamins are essential in the sense that body requires them from external sources to replenish and required for metabolism.
They also contain good amounts of mineral iron. 100 g currant berries provide about 20% of daily recommended levels. Iron is an important cofactor for guided cellular metabolism. It is also required for red blood cell production in the bone marrow.
BOOSTS IMMUNE SYSTEM
In addition to vitamin C, blackcurrants have plenty of antioxidants and anthocyanins. These can help strength your immune system, soothe sore throat, and ease flu symptoms.
Blackcurrant leaves also have a range of properties, including:
One study showed that blackcurrant supplements enhanced the immune response in people who exercised regularly. They could also train harder for longer periods of time.
Another study of healthy older adults showed that ⚫blackcurrant seed oil boosted the immune system.
JOINT JUMP STARTER
Blackcurrants have a direct effect on your body’s inflammatory response.
Blackcurrant seed oil contains gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a type of omega-6 fatty acid that’s been said to help ease inflammation in the body. The high GLA and anthocyanin content can help reduce joint or muscle:
In some studies, GLA supplements were so effective that participants with rheumatoid arthritis could reduce their usual pain 💊 medications.
PLAQUE PUNISHER AND HEART HELPER
Grqpe-based drinks like wine and juice are known to help decrease plaque buildup, but blackcurrant juice, as well as pomegranate juice, is far more potent. Blackcurrant is high in potassium and GLA, which can help lower your blood pressure too.
The GLA also helps cells in your heart resist damage and slows down platelet clumping in your blood vessels.
In addition, one study found that blackcurrant powder increased heart blood flow and decreased overall peripheral resistance. This suggests that blackcurrant may help you recover after exercise.
While hard to find in most U.S. stores, the blackcurrant-based drink Ribena is very popular in the U.K.
Although there isn’t much scientific research about blackcurrant seed oil and its effectiveness for skin conditions, the National Psoriasis Foundation recommends the oil to help ease Psoriasis symptoms.
Taken orally, blackcurrant seed oil can help slow the growth and development of Psoriasis patches. It also can be applied directly to dry, itchy, or stinging skin.
EASY ON THE EYES
Research shows that GLA and linoleic acid, which are found in vitamin C, may be promising for treating dry eye. Thankfully, blackcurrants are packed with both of those.
Clinical trials with blackcurrants found that these berries improve eye function, including:
● the eyes ability to adapt to the dark
● blood flow to the eyes
● Slowed progression of visual field deterioration in people with glaucoma
● symptoms of visual fatigue
People who do computer work every day may benefit from ⚫blackcurrant supplements. One study found that 1 tablespoon of blackcurrant berries reduced visual fatigue two hours afterward.
HOW TO EAT BLACKCURRANTS
It’s not hard to incorporate more blackcurrants into your diet. You can find blackcurrant in the form of:
● dried fruit
● pills and capsules
Britain’s Ribena is also a popular drink you may be able to find in the import section of the grocery store. The berries themselves can be tossed into any recipe that calls for a bit of tangy sweetness.
Dosage recommendations include:
● four 250 milligram capsules per day, taken twice a day
● 5-10 milliliters of fruit syrup per day
● one glass of fruit juice per day
● 1-2 teaspoons of leaves, three to four times a day
You can also try substituting berries for blackcurrants in your yogurt or salad, or try this blackcurrant jam from BBC Good Food. The smell of sweet berries cooking over a stove could be therapeutic in itself.
ARE THERE SIDE EFFECTS?
Both blackcurrant berries and seed oil are considered safe at recommended doses. However, the supplements have been known to cause some side effects such as soft stools, mild diarrhea, and intestinal gas.
Because it can slow blood clotting, blackcurrant supplements are not recommended for people with bleeding g disorders or those about to have surgery.
Not enough is known about dried blackcurrant leaves to rate their safety. Women who are pregnant or breast- feeding should talk to their doctor before taking any supplements, including blackcurrant.