#Lagundi – contains antioxidant phenolic compounds and flavonoids such as casticin, chrysoplenol D, luteolin, iso-orientin, and luteolin-7-0-glucoside. Other compounds such as epicatechin, quercetin, catechin, myricetin, tocopherol, ß-carotene and lycopene.

Lagundi (scientific name: Vitex negundo) is a large native shrub that grows in Asia and Southeast Asia such as the Philippine and India and has been traditionally used as herbal medicine and is important medicinal plant in Ayuvedic and Unani systems of medicine. The extracts from from its leaves and root are mostly considered to provide the most health benefits. The Philippine Department of Health has conducted research and study for Lagundi and has suggested that the lagunid plant has a number of verifiable therapeutic value and health benefits to man.

Plant is considered anti-inflammatory, astringent, antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, alterant, depurative, rejuvenating, stomachic.

Scientific Name: Vitex Negundo

Also knows as:

Dabtan (If.) Dangla (llk.) Kamalan (Tag.) Lagundi (lbn., Tag., Bik., P. Bis) Liñgei (Bon.) Nigundi (Sanskrit/Hindi) Limo-limo (llk.) Sagarai (Bag.) Turagay (Bis.) Five-leaved chaste tree (Engl.) Huang ching (Chin.) Agno-casto (Spanish)

Lagundi (Vitex negundo) is an erect, branched tree or shrub, that grows to as much as 5 m high. Lagundi has a single thick, woody stem like a truck and is usually seen in swamps of the Philippines and India. Lagundi leaves appear palmately, in the form of five pointed leaves which splay out like the fingers of a hand. Lagundi leaves are 5-foliate, rarely with 3 leaflets only. Lagundi leaves are 4-10 cm long, slightly hairy beneath. The lagundi flowers are blue to lavender, 6-7 mm long bearing fruit globose of about 4mm in diameter that turns black when ripe.

Flowers are astringent, carminative, hepatoprotective, digestive, vermifuge and febrifuge.

Lagundi in Traditional and Folkloric Medicine

~ Lagundi or Vitex negundo has been traditionally used as herbal medicine by Philippine and Indian folks. It’s main health benefit is to ease respiratory complaints. Lagundi is generally used for the treatment of coughs, asthma symptoms, and other respiratory problems.

~ Lagundi is also known for its analgesic effect that helps alleviate pain and discomfort.

Other traditional health benefits that are derived from the use of Lagundi are as follows:

Chrysoplenol D was identified as a bioactive substance having anti-histaminergic and muscle relaxant properties particularly useful for cough and asthma

● Lagundi is used to prevent and treat worm infestation.

● Lagundi is also used treat skin diseases such as eczema, ring worm, etc.

● Used to wash wounds to promote healing.

● Lagundi has an analgesic function to treat rheumatism, muscle pain and inflammation of joints.

● Lagundi is used for anorexia.

● Used to treat Stomach problems such as colic, spasms and indigestion.

● Lagundi has claimed health benefits against high cholesterol.

● Lagundi is also used as a carminative herb

● Lagundi is believed to promote good memory and eye sight.

● Lagundi tea is taken to relieve anxiety and to promote relaxation.

● Expectorant/cough remedy

● Sore throat relief

● anti-asthma/Bronchodilator

● antioxidant

● Anti-inflammatory

● Diuretic

● Antinociceptive/Analgesic

● Anti-allergy

● Antihyperglycemic

● Antimicrobial

● Anthelmintic / Antiparasitic

● Promotes wound healing

● Hepatoprotective

● Improves digestion

● Carminative

● Relieves anxiety

● Promotes relaxation

● Insecticidal

● Reduces risk of cancer

The old folks would burn lagundi / vitex negundo leaves ane the smoke is believed to drive away insects, particularly mosquitoes.

Science Based Health Benefits from Lagundi

¤ Lagundi Essential Oils has Anti Bacterial Properties

~ The Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science (2008 July-Aug) Published a research that studied the anti-bacterial properties of Vitex negundo extracts. In this study it was found that the root and leaft extract is active against some bacteria such as B. subtilis and E. coli. The result is promising in comparison to standard drug ciprofloxacin.

Fruit is considered nervine, cephalic, aphrodisiac, emmenagogue and vermifuge.

¤ Lagundi / Vitex negundo Anit inflammatory Activity

~ The Indian Journal of Medical Research. (2006 Oct) published a study on Vitex negundo Linn leaf extract health benefit as an adjuvant therapy to standard anti-inflammatory drugs. This was done in lab mice by inducing inflammation and subjecting to anti-inflammatory drugs together with orally administered Vitex negundo extracts. The results suggests that VN has a positive effect as adjutant for anti-inflammatory drugs ibuprofen and phenlbutazone.

¤ Lagundi /Vitex negundo has Bronchodilator Activity for Asthma Confirmed

~ According to Pharmaceutical Biology (2015 Mar) a study. That examines the bronchodilator activity of Vitec negundo as claimed in traditional medicine. The underlying mechanisms were studied in isolated guinea pig tracheal strips, suspended in organ baths at 37°C and was subjected to VN extract. Results suggest the Vitex negundo extracts possesses a combination of papaverine-like PDE inhibitor and diltiazem-like Ca(++) entry blocking constituents, which partly explain its medecinal importance in asthma.

¤ Cytotoxin flavone analogues of vitexicarpin, a constituent of the leaves of Vitex negundo

~ Bioassay-guided fractionation of the chloroform-soluble extract of the leaves of Vitex negundo led to the isolation of the known flavone vitexicarpin, this substance exhibited broad cytotoxicity in a human cancer cell line panel. This findings suggests the potential anti-cancer activity of Vitex negundo extract and can further investigation may be done. Source: Journal of Natural Products. (2003 Jun)

Lagundi / Vitex Negundo Preparatio and Use

¤ Lagundi / Vitex negundo Topical Paste

~ Used as anti-inflammation and analgesic in cases of rheumatism, arthritis, muscle pains, headache and fever. The paste is prepared by pounding Lagundi leaves and heating to warm then apply to affected area until condition improves.

Leaves are considered aromatic, bitter, anti-inflammatory, bronchial smooth muscle relaxant, lactagogue, emmenagogue, insecticide, and vermifuge. Leaves and seeds considered vulnerary.1

¤ Lagundi / Vitex negundo decoction and Tea

~ Used for washing wounds, vaginal douche, for gargling to treat mouth sores and sore throat and as bronchodilator in cases of coughs and asthma.

~ Mix one cup of cut fresh leaves and flowers to 2 cups of water. Boil for 10 minutes. Let it steep and strain the solid parts. Tea: take 1/2 cup, three times a day until condition improve.

Lagundi is also used for the treatment colds, fever, flu, chronic bronchitis, pharyngitis, rheumatism, dyspepsia, boils, diarrhea, and certain skin or digestive complaints. Primarily it is recognized as herbal medicine for respiratory problems.

¤ Lagundi / Vitex negundo Oil

~ The Vitex negundo oil can be extracted by distillation or a commercial grade can be bought in herbs stores or online shops.

Roots considered tonic, febrifuge, anti-rheumatic, diuretic and expectorant.

Lagundi / Vitex Negundo Warnings, Side Effects

~ Lagundi use is widely acceptable as safe for use for children and adults and no adverse reaction has been reported. However, moderate use is recommended for pregnant women, and treatment should not exceed one week. If symptoms persist and irritation occurs, stop the use and consult your doctor.

☆ Studies have suggested antivenom, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, analgesic, antifungal, insecticidal, anticonvulsant, larvicidal, anthelmintic, antioxidant, anxiolytic, hepatoprotective, gastroprotective, antiamnesic, antidiabetic, antieosinophilic, antiproleferative, mosquitocidal, anti-scabies, anti-typhoid properties.

References: medicalhealthguide.com / stuartxchange.com / herbanext.com

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