Marang is an exotic and delicious fruit that contains numerous vitamins and minerals, which has beneficial effects on the body’s health.
Marang is also known as “Artocarpus Odoratissimus “, a tree came from the mulberry and fig family of Moraceae. This fruit can be usually found in tropical climate countries such as Philippines, but it is also cultivated all around the world.
It is also quite related to the fruits such as cempedak, jackfruit, and breadfruit trees. This fruit is very popular worldwide, because of its, sweet, unique, juicy, and delicious taste. Most Filipinos love to eat Marang, because of its flavor and health benefits.
It has been also traditionally used by ancient people in treating numerous types of diseases, because of its medicinal properties. It contains a high nutritional value, which has beneficial effects on the body.
It contains vitamins A, B, C, beta-carotene, dietary fiber, retinol, thiamin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, and niacin. It contains mineral such as zinc, iron, phosphorus, protein, potassium, calcium, manganese, copper and magnessium.
It also contains antibacterial, antiviral, anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. It also contains a lot of antioxidants that can help the body to fight free radicals, which can cause harm to the body.
It can be also used as a natural alternative for the expensive treatments and medications in the hospitals and medical clinic. Aside from being an effective remedy, it is also more affordable compared to the high-cost medications.
. Artosimin / Anticancer / Antioxidant
Study yielded a new prenylated pyranoflavone derivative, artosimin, together with traxateryl acetate. Artosimin was found to be significantly cytotoxic against cancer cell lines (HL60 and MCF7) and also showed to have strong antioxidant property on the DPPH assay.
Study evaluated the flesh, kernel and peel from M. Pajang and seed and flesh from A. Odoratissimus for total antioxidant activity, total polyphenol, total flavonoid and total anthocyanins contents. The phytochemical and antioxidant properties of M. pajang and A. odoratissimus, especially their kernel/ seed by-products indicate they may impart health benefits when consumed and should be regarded as a valuable source of antioxidant-rich nutraceuticals.
. Antioxidant / Flesh and Seed
Study investigated the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic potential of two fruits endemic to Borneo Island: Mangifera pajang extract (bambangan) and Artocarpus odoratissimus (tarap). The kernel of M. pajang extract displayed strongest antioxidant activity as assessed by DPPH and FRAP assays, followed by M. pajang peel, A. odoratissmus seed, M. pajang flesh and A. odoratissmus flesh.
. Adaptogenic / Seed
Study evaluated dried seed extract of Artocarpus odoratissimus for adaptogenic activity using anoxic tolerance test with male Albino mice. Extract prolonged the time of convulsion and minimized the increase of biochemical parameters (glucose, cholesterol, and triglycerides). Result suggest the seed extract may be explored as an adaptogenic agent.
. Artosimin / Antimicrobial / Seed Oil
Study yielded a new prenylated pyranoflavone derivative, artosimin. Artosimin exhibited significant cytotoxicity against HL60 and MCF7 cancer cell lines.
. Antiangiogenic Effect
Study evaluated crude leaf extract of Artocarpus odoratissimus and A. heterophyllus (jackfruit) for angiogenic activity using chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay on 12-day old duck embryo. Both plants showed antiangiogenic activity as evidenced by a decrease in number of collaterals. A 300ppm dose of A. odoratissimus exhibited highest inhibitory effect which was attributed to the presence of phenolic compounds such as flavonoids, saponins, glycosides, sterols, tannins and anthocyanins.
. Friedelino / Cytotoxicity / Leaves
Study isolated friedelino (triterpene) from leaf extracts of Artocarpus odoratissimus. The compound showed moderate toxicity against brine shrimp A. salina with LC50 of 48.39 ppm.
. Biosorbent / Methylene Blue and Methyl Violet / Skin
Study of Artocarpus odoratissimus skin showed great potential as an effective low cost biosorbent for toxic dyes, methylene blue (MB) and methyl violet 2B (MV).
. Adsorption Characteristics / Crystal Violet / Leaves
Study reports on the use of A. odoratissimus leaves as a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of toxic crystal violet (CV) dye. Langmuir was the best fit isotherm model. The adsorbent showed potential to be generated and reused, maintaining high absorption of CV even after four consecutive cycles.
. Adsorption of Crystal Violet Dye / Skin
Study reports on the feasibility of utilizing A. odoratissimus skin as a potential adsorbent for removal of crystal violet dye. The dye showed strong affinity towards the adsorbent, which is enhanced upon treatment with a NaOH solution. Based on thermodynamic parameters, the sorption of CV dye is a spontaneous and endothermic process.
. Modification of Skin for Enhancement of Adsorption Capacity toward Toxic Malachite Green Dye
Study modified the surface of A. odoratissimus skin to more efficiently attract malachite green dye molecules. Result showed increase in maximum adsorption capacity of chemically modified TS (Tarap skin) compared to untreated TS.
. Potential Source of Sugar / Fruit
Study suggests marang fruit is a potential source of alternative to expensive commercial sugar. Researcher suggested further studies.
. Alternative Source of Flour /Seeds
Study evaluated the potential for seeds as alternative source of commercial flour. Seeds, preferably fresh, were gathered from marang, and soaked in water for at least 5 minutes, then dried for 20-30 minutes. Preliminary results suggest a product comparable to commercial flour.
. Leaf-Based Cellulose as Adsorbent / Methyl Violet amd Crystal Violet Dyes
Study successfully extracted cellulose from leaves of A. odoratissimus for application as potential low cost and effective adsorbent to remove toxic dyes, including methyl violet (MV) and crystal violet (CV) from aqueous solution. Results suggest the extracted cellulose has potential application for treating contaminated wastewater.
. Fatty Acid Profile in Kernel Oil
GC-MS study of kernel oil for FAME (fatty acid methyl esters) composition. The kernel oil of A. odoratissimus are rich in unsaturated fatty acids with total MUFA and PUFA accounting for more than 60% of the total fatty acids. The predominant component was linoleic acid with range of 37.30 to 40.74% as the dominant compound. Results suggest potential to be developed for applications in nutrition, industry, and cosmetic.
. Adsorbent for Removal of Toxic Rhodamine B Dye / Leaves
Study reports on the cheap, eco-friendly, readily available, natural adsorbent, Artocarpus odoratissimus leaves, for the removal of toxic rhodamine B dye in simulated wastewater.
Here are some of the amazing Health Benefits of eating marang fruit
. Prevent cancer
. Control Diabetes
. Reduce Cholesterol Level
. Relieves Constipation
. Prevent Heart Diesease and Stoke
. Prevent Anemia
. Improves Digestion
. Enhances Metabolism
. Improves Vision
. Prevent Stroke
. Relieves Inflammation
. Lower Blood Pressure
. Helps regular blood sugar
Marang fruit when is ripe and opened, it should be consumed as soon as possible because it oxidizes quite fast and loses its flavour. It is also packed with protein and fat.
References: philnew.ph / stuartxchange.org