The Kidney’s job is to filter your blood. They remove wastes, control the body’s fluid balance, and keep the right levels of electrolytes. All of the blood in your body passes through them several times a day. Blood comes into the kidney, waste gets removed, and salt, water, and minerals are adjusted, if needed.
THE BASIC FUNCTIONS:
– Regulations of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organ.
– Regulations of osmolarity…
– Regulation of ion concentrations.
– Regulation of pH…
– Excretion of wastes and toxins…
– Production of hormones.
EARLY SIGNS OF KIDNEY FAILURE
Symptoms, of early stage kidney disease may be difficult to pinpoint. They’re often subtle and hard to identify. If you experience early signs of kidney disease, thay may include:
. Decreased urine output
. Fluid retention that leads to swelling in limbs
. Shortness of breath
. When the kidneys aren’t filtering properly, toxin stay in the blood rather than leaving the body through the urine.
Kidney stones form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances – such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid – than the fluid in your urine can dilute. At the same time, your urine may lack substances that prevent crystal from sticking together, creating an ideal environment for kidney stones to form.
CAUSES OF KIDNEY FAILURE
Kidney failure can be the result of several conditions or causes. The cause typically also determines of the kidney failure.
Diabetes is the most common cause of ESRD. Uncontrolled high blood sugar can damage kidneys. The damage can become worse over time. Diabetic nephropathy, or kidney damage caused by type 1 or type 2 diabetes, can’t be reversed.
High blood pressure is the second most common cause of ESRD. other problems that can cause kidney failure include:
. Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and IgA nephropathy.
Genetics diseases (diseases you are born with), such as polycystic kidney disease.
Urinary tract problems
Sometimes the kidneys can stop working very suddenly (within two days). This type of kidney failure is called acute kidney injury or acute renal failure.
Kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When your kidneys fail, it means they have stopped working well enough for you to survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.
If your kidneys stop working completely, your body fills with extra water and wastes products. This condition is called uremia … you will feel tired and weak beacause your body needs clean blood to function properly. Untreated uremia may lead to seizures or coma and will ultimately result in death.
COMMON CAUSES OF ACUTE RENAL FAILURE INCLUDE:
. Heart attack
. Illegal drug use and drug abuse
. Not enough blood flowing to the kidneys
. Urinary tract problems
This type of kidney failure is not always permanent. Your kidney may go back to normal or almost normal with treatment and if you do not have other serious health problems
Having one of the health problems that can lead to kidney failure does not mean that you will definitely have kidney failure. Living a healthy lifestyle and working with your doctor to conttol these health problems can help your kidneys work for as long as possible.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOUR KIDNEYS START TO FAIL?
Water retention/swelling of legs and feet.
Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.
Shortnes of breath
Insomnia and sleep issues.
Itchiness, cramps, and muscle twitches.
Passing very little or no urine.
Drowsiness and fatigue.
TO PREVENT FROM DAMAGE FROM GETTING WORSE.
1. Control your blood sugar if you have diabetes
2. Keep a healthy blood pressure.
3. Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet.
4. Exercise at leat 30 minutes on most days of the week.
5. Keep a healthy weight.
6. Do not smoke or use tobacco.
7. Limit alcohol
TIPS TO PREVENT KIDNEY FAILURE
Manage your blood sugar. Diabetes increases your risk for heart disease and kidney failure. Manage your blood pressure. Maintain a healthy weight. Eat a heart-healthy diet. Reduce salt intake. Drink enough water. Limit alcohol. Don’t smoke.
Stay hydrated. Drinking plenty of fkuid will help your kidneys function properly.
Eat healthily. A balance diet ensures you get all the vitamins and minerals your body needs