Doctors know that breast cancer occurs when some breast cells begin to grow abnormally. These cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells do and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass. Cells may spread (metastasize) through your breast to your lymph nodes or other part of your body.
The first observation of a woman before the onset of breast cancer occurs.
Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast. Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling. A newly inverted nipple. Peeling, scaling crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin.
Lump in your breast or underarm, that doesn’t go away after your period. This is often the first symptom of breast cancer. Lumps associated with breast cancer are usually painless, although some may cause a pricky sensation.
Breat cancer refers to cancer that begins in the cells within the breasts. It can metastasize (spread) from the breasts to other areas of the body, such as the bones and liver. Most of the early symtoms of breast cancer involve changes to the breast.
While many breast cancers do not spread to lymph nodes until the tumor is at least 2 centimeters to 3 centimeters in diameter, some types may spread very early, even when a tumor is less than 1 centimeter in size.
Does stress cause breast cancer?
No link Between Stress, Breast cancer Risk. Many women feel that Stress and anxiety caused them to be diagnosed with breast cancer. Because there has been no clear proof of a link between stress and a higher risk of breast cancer, researchers in the United Kingdom concluded a large prospective study on the issue.
But it’s not clear why some people who have no risk factors develop cancer, yet other people with risk factors never do. It’s likely that breast cancer is caused by a complex interaction of your genetic make up and your environment
EXPOSURE TO CHEMICALS IN COSMETICS – BREASTCANCER
While the chemicals in cosmetics make us look, feel, and small better… been found in breast tissue and breast cancers, but this early doesn’t mean much.
Still, the majority of people diagnosed with breast cancer have no family history of the disease. Inherited genes that increase cancer risk. Certain gene mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer can be passed from parents to children. The most well-known gene mutations are referred to as BRCA1 and BRCA2
BRCA1 – Breast cancer type 1 susceptibility protein is a protein that in human is encoded by the BRCA1 gene. Orthologs are common in other vertebrate species, whereas invertebrate genomes may encode a more distantly related gene. BRCA1 is a human tumor suppressor gene and is responsible for repairing DNA
BRCA2 – and BRCA2 are a human gene and its protein product, respectively. The official symbol and the official name are maintained by the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee. One alternative symbol, FANCD1, recognizes its association with the FANC protein.
IS THERE A LINK BETWEEN BIRTH CONTROL PILLS AND BREAST CANCER?
There’s some evidence that hormonal contraception, which includes birth control pills and IUD’s that release hormones, increases the risk of breast cancer. But the risk is considered very small, and it decreases after you stop using hormonal contraceptives.
A recent study that showed an association between hormonal contraceptive use and breast cancer determined one additional breast cancer could be expected for every 7,690 women who use hormonal contraception for at least one year.
Discuss your contraceptive option with your doctor. Also consider the benefits of hormonal contraception, such as controlling menstrual bleeding, preventing an unwanted pregnancy, and reducing the risk of other cancers, including endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer.
What are the main causes of cancer?
Gene mutations that occur after birth.
Biological or internal factors, such as age, gender, inherited genetic defects and skin type.
A number of forces can cause gene mutations, such as smoking, radiation, viruses, cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens), obesity, hormones, chronic inflammation and a lack of exercise.
Environmental exposure, for instance to radon and UV radiation, and a fine particulate matter
Occupational risk factors, including carcinogens such as many chemicals, radioactive materials and asbestos.
Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it’s far more common in women.
Subtantial support for breast cancer awareness and research funding has helped created advances in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Breast cancer survival rates have increased, and the number of deaths associated, with this disease is steadily declining, largely due to factors such as earlier detection, a new personalized approach to treatment and a better understanding of the disease.
Once your doctor has diagnosed your breast cancer. He or she works to establish the extent (stage) of your cancer. Your cancer’s stage help determine your prognosis and the best treatment options… Test and procedures used to stage breast cancer may include: Blood test, such as a complete blood count.
How to reduce my risk of breast cancer?
LIMIT ALCOHOL – The more alcohol you drink, the greater your risk of developing breast cancer. The general recommendation – based on research on the effect of alcohol on breast cancer risk – is to limit yourself to less than one drink a day, as even small amounts increase risk.
DON’T SMOKE – Evidence suggests a link between smoking and breast cancer risk, particularly in premenopausal women.
CONTROL YOUR WEIGH – Being overweight or obese increases the risk of breast cancer. This especially true if obesity occurs later in life, particularly after menopausal
BE PHYSICALLY ACTIVE – Physical activity can help you maintain a healthy weight, which helps prevent breast cancer. Most healthy adults should aim for at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity weekly, plus strength training at least twice a week.
BREAST FEED – Breast-feeding might play a role in breast cancer prevention. The longer you breast-feed, the greater the protective effects.
LIMIT DOSE AND DURATION OF HORMONE THERAPHY – Combination hormone theraphy for more than three to five years increases the risk of breast cancer. If you’re taking hormone theraphy for menopausal symptoms, ask your doctor about other options. You might be able to manage your symptoms with nonhormonal therapies and medications. If you decide that the benefits of short-term hormone theraphy outweigh the risks, use the lowest dose that works for you and continue to have your doctor monitor the length of time you’re taking hormones.
AVOID EXPOSURE TO RADIATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION – Medical-imaging methods, such as computerized tomography, use high doses of radiation. While more studies are needed, some research suggests a link between breast cancer and cumulative exposure to radiation over your lifetime. Reduce your exposure by having such tests only when absolutely necessary.
Breast cancer prevention starts with healthy habits – such as limiting alcohol and staying active. Understand how to reduce your breast cancer risk.
Research shows that lifestyle changes can decrease the risk of breast cancer, even in women at high risk. To lower your risk.
CAN A HEALTHY DIET PREVENT BREAST CANCER?
Eating a healthy diet might decrease your risk of some types of cancer, as well as diabetes, heart disease and stroke. For example, women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts might have a reduced risk of breast cancer. The mediterranean diet focuses on plant-based foods, such as fruit and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats, such as olive oil, over butter and eat fish instead of red meat.
IS THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET THE BEST BREAST CANCER DIET?
Mediterranean diet has been shown to have multiple favorable health effects, including reducing the risks of heart disease and stroke. The diet features high intake of vegetables and fruits and low comsumption of processed food and saturated fat. Most of the studies that have attempted the evaluate whether adherence to the Mediterranean diet lowers breast cancer risk have not found a direct correlation. However, the same studies have reported that aspects of the diet are associated with reduced risk. On the other hand, there are some foods commonly consumed by Italian women that are associated with increase breast cancer risk. While the overall pattern of nutrition, vegetables and fruits should be selected for their demonstrated chemopreventive effects.
FOODS FOR GOOD BREAST HEALTH:
Cruciferous Veggies, Broccoli, Kale, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Collard greens.
Plant-Based protein. Numerous studies found that a diet with more plant-based protein, instead of meat, are protective of breast cancer development
Flaxseed – Although flaxseed is classified as an omega-3, it has additional health benefits. Some studies have shown that consuming 25 grams of flaxseed a day may reduce tumor growth in breast cancer and prostate cancer. It can also reduce the body’s production of estrogen, so its benefits have been linked to breast cancer prevention. Animal studies have shown that both flaxseed oil and lignans can reduce breast tumor growth and spread, even for ER- cancer cells. This result suggest that flaxseeds may have anti-cancer benefits that are unrelated to any type of effect on estrogen or estrogen metabolism
OILY FISH – Research studies show that the type of fat in the diet may affect breast cancer risk. Fish oil and fish contain increased amounts of omega 3 fatty acids which appear to stop or slow down the growth and development of breast cancer cells in laboratory studies of mice and breast cancer cells.
Turmeric – a few laboratory studies on cancer cells have shown that curcumin has anti cancer effects. It seems to be able to kill cancer cells and prevent more from growing. It has the best effects on breast cancer, bowel cancer, stomach cancer and skin cancer cells.
Maintaining a healthy weight also is a Key factor in breast cancer prevention.